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The process of moving to a new country is called immigration. Many immigrants come to a new country in search of a better life. Others had escaped wars, harsh government, or natural disasters in their homeland. The largest waves of immigration into the US was from Europe in the 1800s. Millions of Europeans joined the movement leaving Germany, Norway, Sweden, Ireland, Italy, Greece and many other countries behind settling in the United States. People from China and other Asian nations began settling in the Western United States in about 1820. The United States has been filled by immigrants starting with the first Europeans who moved on Native American land in the 1600s. Many Americans in the 1800s did not trust the newer immigrants. In 1882 the US government halted immigration from China. Soon afterwards in the early 1900s the government of the US began limiting the number of immigrants from specific countries. These limits remained in place until about 1965. Ellis Island was the main immigration center for the United States for more than 30 years. Over 12 million people passed through Ellis Island on their way to the United States.